In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,
To begin with, the majority of the classical scholars are of the opinion that the post-sunrise prayer (ishraq) is the same as the mid-morning prayer (Duha). This is the very reason why the major classical books of Hanafi Fiqh do not mention the two prayers separately. (See: Abu Bakr al-Jassas, Ahkam al-Qur�an, 3/559)
However, the common perception (especially amongst the Hanafis of the Indian Subcontinent) is that Salat al-Ishraq and Salat al-Duha are two separate prayers. The recommended time for offering Ishraq prayer is immediately after sunrise, whilst the Duha prayer (which they call the Chasht prayer) is offered later on. (See: Heavenly Ornaments, P: 143)
The reasoning behind this, in my humble view, is that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) has encouraged offering this prayer directly after sunrise. Sayyiduna Anas ibn Malik (Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) said: �Whosoever offers his morning (fajr) prayer in congregation, then remains seated making the dhikr of Allah until the sun rises, and thereafter offers two rakats, they will receive the reward of performing a Hajj and Umrah.� (Sunan Tirmidhi, no: 586)
This Hadith implies that one should offer this optional prayer directly after sunrise by remaining seated on the very place one offered the Fajr prayer and by engaging in d’ua and other forms of dhikr. Thereafter, when the sun has risen properly, one should offer the Ishraq or Duha prayer.
Approximately 2 million people in Indonesia leave Islam for Christianity every year.
How did we get the figure ‘2 million’?
Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Fasting is not (abstaining) from eating and drinking only, but also from vain speech and foul language. If one of you is being cursed or annoyed, he should say: ‘I am fasting, I am fasting.’” [Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban. Sahih according to Imam Muslim’s criteria.]
Fasting is an act of worship that draws one closer to Allah (subhana wa ta’ala). Allah has prescribed it to purify the soul and to train it in good deeds. The fasting person must be on guard against any act that may cause him to lose the benefits of his fast. Thus, one must not use foul speech even in retaliation. If one is being cursed or annoyed he should nevertheless practice self restraint and respond to the provocation by saying, “I am fasting.”
While the fact that a Muslim will be fasting in Ramadan should be evident to all, saying so is a reminder to the other person that he too is fasting and should not spoil his fast. Saying “I am fasting” is also a reminder to oneself that he/she is engaged in something too precious to waste by careless words.
Rasul Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said: “Allah does not need the fast of one who does not abandon false speech or acting according to his false speech.” [Sahih Bukhari]
In this blessed month , each one of us must be totally involved in prayers and recitation of Qur’an. May Allah , The Exalted , shower His Blessings over us . Aameen
In Islam, there is no such thing as a girlfriend-boyfriend relationship. You are either married or you are not. This is what we have to ingrain into our children at the early stage. We should not wait for them to come to us when they are teenagers to ask about girlfriend-boyfriend relationship. At this late stage, even if we forbid them to have such a relationship, how certain are we that they will obey us if they are smitten by someone? Hence, it is important that we teach our children that the only time a girl or boy can have a relationship with a non-mehram is when they are married! Furthermore, if a girl or boy enters into a girlfriend-boyfriend relationship then he/she is entering into a pre-marital relationship.
At the teenage level, we should not be shy to teach them the severity of pre-marital relationship. We need to make them understand that that pre-marital relationships are like the extra-marital relationships, or what is commonly known as adultery or ‘an affair’.
It ruins the community by corrupting the people. It unleashes desires that, once allowed free-reign, will destroy families. We can quote to them the examples of illegitimate and abandoned children, broken homes, abortions, sexual diseases – the list goes on.
We should also point out to them the punishment for sexual relationships outside of marriage: Ibn Masoud (r.a.a) related that Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said, “The blood of a Muslim may not be legally split other than in one of three instances: the married person who commits adultery, a life for a life, and one who forsakes his religion and abandons the community.” [Bukhari and Muslim].
In other words, the married person who commits adultery is to be killed by stoning to death [Muslim].
But what about the unmarried person who has sexual relationships? Rest assured that this person will not go unpunished – he or she is to be caned or whipped one hundred times [Muslim].
Even in the Hereafter, the punishment is severe: the Prophet (s.a.w) saw adulterers, men and women, in a baking oven in Hellfire [Bukhari].
At this stage your teenage child may say that girlfriend-boyfriend relationships need not go as far as the sexual act; that they can control themselves and simply enjoy each others company. To counter this, you say that it is a fact when a girl and a boy are alone together, their sexual desires awaken and before they know it, they will be doing things that are not permissible .
The reason for this is because Shaytaan will be the third person with them [Ahmad] and he will whisper and tempt them with the forbidden. This is why Islam shuns all avenues leading to corruption of the mind, body and soul.
Below are more points on how to help your child, at an early age, to be chaste so that when he/she is older, he/she can avoid getting into a girlfriend-boyfriend relationship. First, you must talk and explain to them these things when they are young, then when they are older, you make sure that it is put into practice.
You must teach him or her to:
1. Not to freely mix with the opposite sex.
2. Not to look at the opposite sex. This is done by lowering or averting their eyes as Allah tells us: “Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and to protect their private parts. That is purer for them. Verily Allah is All-Aware of what they do. And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and protect their private parts…” [24:30-31]
Furthermore, Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) said, “…do not let a second look follow the first. The first look is allowed to you but not the second.” [Ahmad, Abu Dawood, at-Tirmidhi]. What this means is that the first look is by accident. If this happens then do not take a second look. Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) also said that the eyes also commit adultery by looking at someone with lust. [Bukhari]
3. For girls, teach them not to make their voices seductive or sweet in front of non-mehram. This is done by lowering the voice and not flirting. As Allah tells the wives of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) “…do not be too pleasant of speech, lest one in whose heart there is a disease should feel desire for you…” [33:32]
4. Last but not least, teach them to wear appropriate clothing so as not to draw attention to themselves. That is, girls should wear Hijabs and loose clothing while boys should also wear loose clothing, not the tight jeans/pants. It is sad that, often, parents allow their children to wear the so called fashion clothing which, in most cases, do not meet the requirement of acceptable Islamic dress code. What is even sadder is to see Muslim mothers covering themselves properly walking with their uncovered teenage daughters and sons.
It is important that we start teaching our children the need to feel modesty, especially around the opposite sex.
If we instill this into them at an early age then, InshaAllah, whenever they are near the vicinity of the opposite sex, they will feel shy and, therefore, will not act inappropriately.
It is also important that we keep the communication channels open with our children so that we can talk and explain to them things, and they can ask us questions, without any party feeling embarrassed. Then, when they are older, and with help from us, they will begin to understand why it is that there cannot be a thing called ‘the girlfriend-boyfriend relationship’
Abu Bakr (radiyallahu anha) related that the Allah’s Messenger (S.A.W) said : “Shall I not inform you about the greatest of the major sins?” We said , “Yes , O’ Messenger of Allah”. He said , “Associating others with Allah in worship and to be undutiful to ones parents.” He then sat up from the reclining position and said , “And I warn you against giving a lying speech and false statements … ” and he kept repeating it . We wished he should stop repeating it .
Remember the favours of Allah upon you and how they surround you from above and below – indeed from every direction.
” And if you would count the graces of Allah , never could you be able to count the” [Qur’an 14:34]
Health, safety , nourishment, clothing , air and water – these all point to the world being yours , yet you do not realize it, You possess all that life has to offer , yet remain ignorant .
“He has completed and perfected His Graces upon you , [both] apparent [ i.e Islamic Monotheism . and the lawful pleasures of this world including health , good looks , etc ] and hidden [ i.e one’s faith in Allah , guidance for doing righteous deeds and also the pleasures and delights of the Hereafter in Paradise , etc” [Qur’an 31:20]
You have at your disposal two eyes , a tongue , lips , two hands , and two legs .
“Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both [Jinns and men] deny?” Qur’an 55:13
Can You picture yourself walking without feet? Should You take it lightly that you slumber soundly while misery hinders the sleep of many ? Should you forget that you fill yourself with both delicious dishes and cool water while the pleasure of good food and drink is impossible for some , due to sickness and disease? Consider the faculties of hearing and seeing with which you have been endowed. Look at your healthy skin and be grateful that you have been saved from diseases that attack it .
Would you sell your ability to hear and see for the weight of Mount Uhud in gold , or your ability to speak for huge castles? You have been given abundant favors , yet you feign ignorance , Not withstanding warm bread , cool water , easy sleep , and good health , you remain despondent and depressed . You think about what you do not have and are ungrateful for what you have been given You are troubled by a loss in wealth , yet you have the key to happiness and many blessings. Contemplate and Be thankful .
“And also in your ownselves [ are signs ] , will you not then see?” [ Qur’an 51:21]
Reflect upon yourself , your family, your friends , and the entire world that is around you .
“They recognize the grace Of Allah , Yet they deny it.” [ Qur’an 16:83]
Whosoever is in the heavens and on earth begs Him. Every day He has matter to bring forth (such as giving honor to some, disgrace to some, life to some, death to some, etc)! [Qur’an 55:29]
When there is a violent storm and the seas are turbulent, the occupants of the boat call out, ‘O Allah!’
When the camel-driver and the caravan are lost in the desert, they call out, ‘O Allah!’
When disaster and calamity occur, the afflicted call out , ‘O Allah!’
When doors are shut before those who seek to enter through them and barriers are placed before those who are in need – they all cry out , ‘O Allah!’
To Allah ascend all good words, the sincere supplication, the tears of the innocent , and the invocations of the afflicted. Hands and eyes are extended to Him in times of hardship and misfortune. The tongue chants , cries out, and mentions His name. ‘How Perfect He is , the Exalted.’
Allah is very Gracious and Kind to His slaves. (Qur’an 42:19)
Allah is the most beautiful of names, the truest combination of letters, and the most precious of words.
“Do you of any that is similar to Him” ? (There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All- Hearer , All- Seer ( Quran 19:65)
We seek refuge in from fearing anything except you, from depending upon anyone except upon you, from putting our full trust in anyone excepting you, and from invoking anyone other that You. You are the Supreme Patron and Excellent Protector.